We're looking for a consultant for a context analysis of the food environment in Gisenyi (Rwanda)

We're looking for a consultant for a context analysis of the food environment in Gisenyi (Rwanda)

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TOR Context analysis of urban food environments in Gisenyi and other secondary cities in Rwanda’s Western Province


Rikolto is an international non-governmental organisation with more than 40 years of experience in partnering with farmer organisations and food chain actors across Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America. Rikolto works towards a sustainable income for farmers and nutritious, affordable food for everyone by building bridges between smallholder farmer organisations, companies, authorities and other actors across rural and urban areas. With inclusive business facilitation as its main focus, Rikolto and its partners strive to develop innovative ways of accessing, distributing and producing nutritious, quality food, so no one is left behind. As part of its global Food Smart Cities programme, Rikolto aims to catalyse collective action amongst local actors towards interventions in three priority domains: 1. Sustainable production of healthy and nutritious food, with a focus on landscapes, regenerative agriculture, and resilience to climate change and other shocks; 2. Inclusive urban food markets that cater to smallholder producers and vulnerable consumers, resulting from efforts such as professionalising farmers organisations, promoting inclusive business relations, and supporting sustainable food entrepreneurship; and 3. Enabling environments that incentivise sustainable and healthy diets through policies and partnerships aiming to improve urban food governance, incentivise investments in sustainable food innovations and promote peer-to-peer learning.

In the current 2017-2021 strategic plan in East Africa, Food Smart Cities interventions are focusing on four cities: Arusha and Mbeya in Tanzania, and Mbale and Kampala in Uganda. Specifically, we support multi-stakeholder driven processes to influence changes in the target cities’ food systems to achieve, amongst others, the following outcomes:

  • Improvement in nutrition, safety and quality of food produced, traded and consumed in the cities.

  • Stronger and better structured rural-urban linkages leading to an improved inclusion of smallholder farmers and more efficient and resilient grain and horticulture supply chains to target cities.

  • Farmers’, traders’ and consumer education and awareness improves food quality and safety and enables consumers to make better food and safety choices.

  • In their development imperatives, target cities are guided by a food policy that includes a food agenda, and develops and implements strategies to improve the sustainability of their food systems.

  • Target cities contribute to and benefit from learnings and exchanges between Food Smart Cities working with Rikolto, and from other cities in Africa and in the world.

Food Environment Context Analysis in Rwanda

Rikolto in East Africa is in the process of developing its 2022 – 2026 Regional Food Smart Cities Strategy which will include activities in Rwanda besides Tanzania and Uganda. Rikolto would like to contribute to the efforts of transforming the Rwandan agri-food sector to feed growing cities in a sustainable and inclusive way. Despite substantial growth in agricultural production over the past 10 years, food security and nutrition remain large concerns in Rwandan cities. Specifically, Rikolto would like to contribute to food systems resilience in secondary cities in the Western province of Rwanda, specifically in the city of Gisenyi and its foodshed in Rubavu district which was preselected for its economic dynamics. The economic growth in Rubavu is not keeping pace with a rapid population growth (World Bank Group, 2017, Reshaping Urbanisation in Rwanda). Rubavu is one of the fastest growing districts in the country. Other northern cities are Musanze and Nyagatare, which are growing at a similar pace. Musanze and Rubavu are linked by the Rubavu‐Musanze corridor which benefits from rich agricultural resources, and its proximity to the large market of Goma in DRC. Nyagatare has absorbed significant investment in recent years and has also benefitted from high levels of migration to the East of the country over recent years.

Therefore, Rikolto wants to collect specific contextual information which will contribute to understanding current gaps and opportunities to strengthen the urban food systems in secondary cities in the Western Province of Rwanda.

The context analysis will inform our interventions in 3 key components of our global Food Smart Cities Strategy and will focus on the following content:

  1. Food markets for all - to understand the food flows and their risks in Gisenyi and the cities of Musanze and Nyagatare foodsheds, citizens’ urban food environments and their influence on the accessibility and affordability of healthy, sustainable, and nutritious (HSN) food, the value chain of key products for HSN diets in the cities and the status of smallholder farmers’ inclusion, particularly women and youth, in the local food system. Also, as the capital city of Rwanda, we also want to understand the interrelation of food flows and dynamics between secondaries cities in the Western Province with Kigali.

  2. Good food at school - to understand the existing school feeding programmes, the school food environment (i.e., where do most school children get their food and beverages from and the source of food supplied to schools or food stalls around the schools), and policies and programmes that influence schools’ food practices.

  3. Generation food – to understand the role of SMEs in transforming local food systems, the situation of (youth) agri-food entrepreneurship in the 3 cities and the gaps in the ecosystem around youth agri-food entrepreneurship.

Research guidelines will be provided to the consultant, based on previous context analyses carried out in other cities, both in East Africa and beyond.

Duration of the assignment

Rikolto is looking for a consultant to carry out a short-term assignment from March to April 2021 to analyse Gisenyi’s and other cities’ (Musanze and Nyagatare) food environment and context.

Objectives of this assessment

  1. To better understand urban food environments in Gisenyi and interrelations with other cities (Musanze, Nyagatare and Kigali), looking specifically at gaps, market inefficiencies, and threats to healthy, sustainable and nutritious food supply for mainstream consumers, as well as opportunities and positive examples not yet at scale.

  2. To identify levers for scalable and commercially viable actions that contribute to a sustainable food system in the selected city region.

  3. To identify key actors to engage and partner-up with in our interventions in Rubavu district.

  4. To inform the design of interventions that will catalyse change processes resulting in a more inclusive food system (e.g., co-creation / testing of new models that fill in gaps or reduce inefficiencies in production, aggregation, processing and distribution).


  • In depth desk review of existing literature pertaining to urban food environments and rural/urban food chains in Gisenyi and interrelation with the surrounding cities and address research questions as per the guidelines provided.

  • Identify gaps in the literature with regards to key questions as per the guidelines and carry out data collection (incl. a small-scale market survey & interviews with key informants) and analysis for the information gaps identified.

  • A light analysis of other cities that provide linkages to the targeted cities such as Kigali, Nyagatare, Musanze.

  • Present a draft report according to the guidelines provided by Rikolto.

  • Present a final report within 10 working days of receiving Rikolto’s feedback, unless mutually agreed upon differently.


We are looking for an expert in food systems and/or inclusive agribusiness - other related fields can be considered - with vast experience in East African cities. The consultant should also possess strong analytical and writing skills.

Interested and qualified consultants are requested to submit a proposal by 8 March 2021 to eastafrica [at] rikolto.org mentioning ‘FSC contextual analysis Rwanda’ in the subject line and detailing the following:

  1. Description of how the consultant understands the TOR and approach/methodology to carry out the assignment.

  2. Qualifications of the consultant(s) (attach CV).

  3. Similar assignments carried out in the recent past.

  4. Workplan and confirmation of the ability to complete the assignment within the maximum of 25 paid consultancy days and completion of the work by 15th April.

  5. Budget indicating the consultancy fees per day and all other reimbursable costs while carrying out the analysis in Rwanda.

Terms of Reference in pdf